Denis Lawlor ( known as ' Pop ' ) was a labourer . He was father of my grandfather , James Christopher , and grandfather of my mother , Joan Patricia . Denis was born at Ballydavis in County Laoise on the 26th February 1869 , his father was Michael Lalor , a labourer from Ballydavis and his mother was Mary Lalor ( nee. Delany ) . The birth was registered on 12th March 1869 by his father Michael . Denis Lawlor died on 7th March 1947 aged 78 .
From examination of the International Genealogical Index ( IGI ) we are able to ascertain that Denis had at least one sister , Margaret , who was born on 10th July 1864 in the EMO district of Queens , and one older brother , James , who was born on 29th August 1866 ( also in the EMO district of Queens ) . The parents of these children were Michael Lalor and Mary Delany and we can guess that this couple married sometime in the late 1850s / early 1860s .
Ballydavis in the 1911 census
We know that by 1911, Denis and Catherine Lawlor (nee. Kate Cushian) had moved out of the very rural farming area of Queens County and were in likelihood struggling to bring up their young family in the country's capital city Dublin. 1911 was just five years before the Irish uprising and the siege of the General Post Office in 1916 and conditions all over Ireland were harsh.
The village of Ballydavis where Denis Lalor (Lawlor) was born was in Queens County just a couple of miles away from Kilminchy, the home village of Kate Cushian. In the 1911 there were three Lawlor families in residence in Ballydavis, at least one of which stands a good chance of being James, the brother of Denis:
Number 3 house in Ballydavis (Shaen, Queens Co.)
James Lawlor, aged 44, head of family, Roman Catholic, born in Queens County, Agricultural labourer, can read and write
Eliza Lawlor, aged 41, wife, born in Queens County, a dress maker, married for 17 years, can read and write, 5 living children
Mary Lawlor, aged 16, daughter, born in Queens County, general servant domestic, can read and write Irish and English, single
Peter Lawlor, aged 13, son, born Queens County, scholar, can read and write Irish and English
Bridget Lawlor, aged 5, daughter, born in Queens County, scholar, can read
House number 11 in Ballydavis (Shaen, Queen's Co.)
Patrick Lawlor, aged 63, head of family, Roman Catholic, small farmer, can read and write, single, birthplace Ireland
Michael Lawlor, aged 60, brother of head of family, born in Ireland, carpenter, can read and write, single
Catherine Lawlor, aged 65, sister, born Ireland, can read and write, single, no children
House number 28 in Ballydavis (Shaen, Queen's County)
William Lalor, aged 74, head of family, Roman Catholic, born Queens County, farmer, can read and write, married
Eliza Lawlor, aged 70, wife, married 37 years, born Queens County, can read and write, 8 children born - 3 living
James Lalor, aged 36, son, single, farmers son (occupation), born Queens County, can read and write
Mary Lalor, aged 23, daughter, born Queens County, can read and write, single , no children
In the close proximity to Ballydavis, there were these other families in the 1911 census:
House number 3 in Derrygarran (Shaen, Queen's Co.):
Daniel Fennelly, aged 86, head of family, Roman Catholic farmer, born in Queens County, widower
Williamm Fennelly, aged 39 born in Queens County, farmers son, single
Daniel Fennelly, aged 31, born in Queen's, son, single
Annie Fennelly, aged 26, daughter, born in Queen's, single
House number 4 in Straboe (Shaen, Queen's Co)
Mary Cashin, aged 68, head of family, House keeper, born Queens County, widow, 5 children - 3 survived, Roman Catholic
William Cashin, aged 33 son, born Queens County, ex-grocers assistant, single
Mary Cashin, aged 31, daughter, born Queen's, single
The wife of Denis Lawlor was Catherine Cushian whose birth was registered in the Registrar's District of Maryborough in the Union of Mountmellick on 23rd May 1874 ( Reference ' Vol 8. Pg 634 ' number 15 ) . Catherine was born in Kilmenchey in the County of Queens ( now Laois ) on 26th April 1874 . Her father was Thomas Cushian , a labourer , and her mother was Mary Cushian , nee. Fennelly .
Catherine died on 26th October 1965 aged 91 .
The IGI reveals the reference for only one possible sister of Catherine Cushian ; a Julia Cushian was born to Mary Finally and Thomas Cushian of Maryborough on 14th January 1865 , making Julia nine years older than her younger sister Catherine . It is highly probable that Thomas and Mary produced many more children than just these two . Like their in-laws , the Lalors , this couple probably married in the early 1860s .
In the 1911 census these Cushin families lived in the Maryborough district:
House number 1 at Ballyclider (Maryborough Rural, Queens Co.):
Anne Cushin, aged 78, widow, born Queens County, farmer
Michael Cushin, aged 46, born Queens, farmers son, single, no children
Mary Cushin, aged 40, daughter, born Queens county, single, no children
Andrew Cushin, aged 21, grandson, born Queens County, single, farmer's son
House number 2 in Ballyclider
Thomas Cushin, aged 44, head of family , born Queens, married, farmer, Roman Catholic
Lizzie Cushin, aged 34, wife, born Queens County, married 7 years
Michael Johnson, farm servant, aged 20, born Dublin, single
The family of Thomas Cushion and Mary Finally
Jim Byrne lives in Cork and is descended from Thomas and Mary Finally, who are my great great grandparents. His grandmother, Mary Cushion was my great grandmother's sister (Kate Cushion). Mary Cushion married John James Glavin and they had six sons and one daughter (see information in earlier post below).
My thanks to Jim for providing us with this new information about the family of Thomas Cushion and Mary Finally:
"Thomas Cushion and Mary Finally had at least six children, but as records only began in 1864, there could have been more.
"Julia Cushion was born on 15-01-1865 and died in 1908, she was married to a Joseph Woodward in Cork. Next was Patrick 18-06-67. William 25-05-69. Mary (Glavin) 1872 - 1955. Catherine (Lawlor) 1874-1965 and Elizabeth 01-07-76. As yet I have no record for Elizabeth and her two brothers. There were Cushions in Preston, an Annie Cushion who died in 1915 aged 42 years, I need to find out where she fits in.
"Thomas Cushion died on the 8th of September 1893, and his wife (Mary Finally) who had predeceased him died on the fifth of May 1887, their address was Kilminchy, Maryborough".
An update from Jim Byrne (January 28th 2010):
"Update on Annie and Patrick Cushion : - I have made contact with a Billy Adams who lives in Preston, Billy is Annie's grandson, and Billy has sourced the Church record of Annie's baptism which took place on the 6th of May 1862 in Ireland, she is the child of Thomas Cushion and Mary Fennally, note the change from Mary Finally to Fennally, this is quite a common occurance as on the records after 1864 Cushion is also written as Cushian, even on the the same page listing parents and children. This confirms my suspicion that there was an older child born before records began in 1864. Billy Adams remembers James Lawlor coming from Birmingham and staying with them, James was a nephew of Annie's. Annie died in 1935 in Preston.
Patrick Cushions wife Annie died in 1915 (aged 42) they had a daughter Molly, Molly's married name was Pails, they had four children two boys and two girls, some of whom are believe to be still alive, Billy is currently researching this line. More cousins for you Pete."