Saturday, 27 March 2010

The Carpenter family in Census Records

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The canal area in Birmingham (picture by David Fletcher)

.Further to the new information about the origins of g-g-grandmother Emily Carpenter (the mother of my great grandmother Phoebe Adderley - wife of Terence Millington) who was born in Aston Cantlow in the parish in Wilmcote near Stratford on Avon, I have conducted additional research in the online census records in an attempt to trace her family in the 19th century.

1841 census

Emily's father Henry is to be found in the 1841 census living with his family in Aston Cantlow. The exciting thing about this record is the discovery of an ancestor who was born in the late 1700s - Henry's father William Carpenter.

Williams wife is not listed in 1841 and in the 1851 census he is described as a widower, so we can perhaps guess she may have died by 1841. William and two of his sons (including Henry) are living with the Keasey family - Hannah Keasey is William Carpenters oldest daughter, she is aged 20 in the census whereas her husband George is aged 30 and has 3 children including one aged 11 which may indicate that he was married before he married Hannah. I do know from Freda's tree that the two youngest children listed here were Hannah's own children. The two oldest Carpenter boys, William and Samuel, identified in Freda's research on Genes Reuinted, are absent from this household.

The 1841 census does not list occupations.

Address: Aston Road, Aston Cantlow, Wilmcott

KEASEY, George
M 30
Born 1811 Warwickshire

KEASEY, Hannah
F 20
Born 1821 in Warwickshire

KEASEY, George
M 11
Born 1830 Warwickshire

KEASEY, Joshua
M 2
Born 1839 Warwickshire

KEASEY, John
M 0 (8 months)
Born 1841 Warwickshire

CARPENTER, William
M 50
Born 1791 Warwickshire

CARPENTER, Henry
M 14
Born 1827 Warwickshire

CARPENTER, Charles
M 4
1837 Warwickshire

Registration District: Alcester
Sub District: Alcester

Next, the family is recorded in Aston Cantlow in the 1851 census, the same year that Emily was born. Now Henry is head of the household and is married to Elizabeth.

1851 census
Address: 16, Aston Road, Aston Cantlow

CARPENTER, Henry
Head
Married
M 25
Born 1826
Labourer in a Stone Quarry
Born in Aston Cantlow, Warwickshire

CARPENTER, Elizabeth
Wife
Married
F 25
Born 1826
Agricultural Labourer
Born Aston Cantlow, Warwickshire

CARPENTER, George
Son, Unmarried
M 2
Born 1849 in Aston Cantlow, Warwickshire

CARPENTER, Jane
Daughter Unmarried
F 1
Born 1850 in Aston Cantlow, Warwickshire

CARPENTER, William
Father
Widower
M 63
Born 1788
Agricultural Labourer
Born at Wootton Wawen

Registration District: Stratford-On-Avon
Sub District: Alcester
Enumeration District:3C
Ecclesiastical Parish: Saint Andrew
Civil Parish: Aston Cantlow

Address: 16, Aston Road, Aston Cantlow
County: Warwickshire

1861 census

A decade later we find that the Carpenter family of rural Warwickshire have moved into the expanding industrial town of Birmingham and are living at 3 Holliday Street which is in the centre of Birmingham close to the canals at Gas Stret basin. This location fits in with the fact that Emily married Alfred Adderley at St Thomas's church and they lived in the Lee Bank area for many decades.

1861 census
Address: 3, Holliday Street, Birmingham

CARPENTER, Henry
Head
Married M 36
Born 1825
Labourer
Born Warwickshire

CARPENTER, Elizabeth
Wife Married
F 35
Born1826 in Stratford on Avon, Warwickshire

CARPENTER, George
Son
M 13
Born 1848
Gun Polisher
Born Stratford on Avon, Warwickshire

CARPENTER, Jane
Daughter
Unmarried
F 12
Born 1849 Stratford on Avon, Warwickshire

CARPENTER, Emma
Daughter Unmarried
F 10
1851
Born Stratford on Avon, Warwickshire 

CARPENTER, Eliza
Daughter Unmarried
F 8
Born 1853 Stratford on Avon

CARPENTER, Thomas
Son
M 4
Born 1857 Harbury

CARPENTER, Charles
Son
M 2
Born 1859 Birmingham

Birmingham Sub District: 2
St Thomas
Enumeration District: 24
Ecclesiastical Parish: St Thomas

1871 Census.

In both the 1871 and 1881 census the Carpenter family are living in Bow Street in the centre of Birmingham. The 1871 census contains a couple of potential errors such as a son named Amos who was previously listed as Thomas and the mother is named Mary instead of Elizabeth, but otherwise I think we can safely say that this is the correct family, especially as they remain in Bow Street 10 years later and the mother's name is back to Elizabeth.

There is also a 1 year old child named Sophia who does not appear in the next census of 1881, so we might guess she died during the intervening decade.

Address: Bow Street Court House, Birmingham

CARPENTER, Henry
Head
Tube drawer
M 44
Born 1827 Warwickshire

CARPENTER, Mary
Charwoman
Wife
F 48
Born 1823 Warwickshire

CARPENTER, Elizabeth
Daughter
F 17 1854 Warwickshire

CARPENTER, Amos
Errand boy
Son M 14
Born 1857 Warwickshire

CARPENTER, Charles
Scholar
Son
M 13
Born 1858 Warwickshire

CARPENTER, William
Son M 8
Born 1863 Warwickshire

CARPENTER, Sophia
Daughter F 1
Born 1870 Warwickshire

Registration District: Birmingham
Sub District: St Thomas
Enumeration District: 11

1881 census

Address: 7, Ct, Hoe 5 Bow St, Birmingham

CARPENTER, Henry
Head
Married
M 55
Born 1836 Wilmcote
Engine Driver Loco

CARPENTER, Elizabeth
Wife
Married
F 54
Born 1837 Wilmcote

CARPENTER, Charles
Son
Single M 21
Born 1860 Birmingham
Stone Breaker (Ro Lab)

CARPENTER, William
Son Single M 18
Born 1863 Birmingham
Builders Labourer Birmingham
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1 comment:

  1. Good day Pete,

    I have looked for an email address to contact you directly but did not find one on your website. Therefore, I am using this to do so. Hopefully this message will get to you.

    I am descended from William Carpenter (bn 1787) of Wootton Wawen and Elizabeth Green (bn 1792)of Aston Cantlow through their son Joseph and grandson James. Joseph is Hanna Keasey's (nee Carpenter) older brother I believe.

    I will be traveling to B'ham soon and hoping to find and meet some of my living Carpenter relatives during the trip and share some info. I am hoping you may be able to help me with this. Please contact me (at jdcole at knet dot ca) regarding this, thx.

    Cheers, JD

    ReplyDelete