Friday, 5 November 2010

The Clayton family in the Census

One of the earliest records we have of our Clayton ancestors at the moment is this record from the 1841 Census which records Thomas and Hannah Clayton, whom we believe were the grand parents of my great grandfather (Henry William Clayton). We know that the family came to Birmingham from Willenhall in the late 1800s but the Census records of 1841 and 1851 indicate that Thomas Clayton came from Shrewsbury and Hannah nee. Worthington came from Tetnall near Wolverhampton. The couple had just one daughter in 1841:



1841 census - household transcription

Address: Willenhall Road, Willenhall, Wolverhampton

CLAYTON, Thomas M 25 1816

CLAYTON, Hannah F 26 1815

CLAYTON, Mary Ann F 9 1832 Staffordshire

Here is the same couple in the Census of 1851, note the mis-spelling of Clayton (Cleyton) which makes the search for this family difficult. In this record they have two additional children, Thomas and William. Thomas junior became the father of my great grandfather.

1851 census - household transcription



Address: Back of John Street, Willenhall, Wolverhampton

CLEYTON, Thomas Head Married M 35 1816 Wood Screw Maker Shrewsbury Salop

CLEYTON, Hannah Wife Married F 35 1816 Tetnall Staffordshire

CLEYTON, Mary A Daughter F 16 1835 Wolverhampton Staffordshire 

CLEYTON, Thomas Son M 9 1842 Scholar Wolverhampton Staffordshire

CLEYTON, William Son M 6 1845 Scholar Wolverhampton Staffordshire

By 1871, Thomas Clayton junior has married Emmie Clayton and they are living in the St George's parish of Birmingham. The couple have four children which include my great grandfather Henry William Clayton:

1861 Census




I have so far been unable to find a record for Thomas and Hannah Clayton in the 1861 Census, however I have discovered a record for a 19 year old Thomas Claton (note there is no 'y' in the surname) living with the Ross family. It is suggested he is a nephew of the head of the family through another word has been scored out underneath the word nephew suggesting some confusion. He is a latch maker born in Willenhall.

The wife of this family is named Mary Ann Ross - could she be Thomas Claton's older sister? Her age is given as 41 which is out by about 10 years compared to the other records of the Clayton family in 1851 and 1841, but it is worth considering there could have been an error.


1871 Census

11 Berlin Place, Frankfort Street, St George's, Birmingham

Thomas Clayton, Head, born about 1833 in Wolverhampton, a black smith.

Emmie Clayton, wife, born about 1843 in Birmingham

Thomas Clayton, son born about 1862

Emma Clayton, daughter born about 1867

Henry Clayton, son, born about 1869

Samuel F Clayton, son, born about 1871

10 years later the same family is living at 74 Fordrough Road, Aston. They have two further sons, brothers of my great grandfather, Frederick and Alfred:

1881 census

74 Fordrough Road, Aston

Thomas Clayton, Age: 44, Estimated birth year: abt 1837, Head, Spouse's name: Emma Clayton, Gender: Male, Where born: Wolverhampton, Staffordshire, England Blacksmith

Emma Clayton, born Birmingham, aged 43

Thomas aged 20, twine maker, born Birmingham

Mary E. aged 18, corset maker, born Birmingham

William H. aged 14, scholar, born Birmingham

Samuel, aged 12, born Birmingham

Fredrich, aged 8, born Birmingham

Alfred, aged 6, born Birmingham

Keep watching this space as I add more records appertaining to the Clayton family.

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