Saturday, 23 October 2010

Jewish immigration into 19th century London - some history


The history notes below are from Moving Here - Migration Histories:
http://www.movinghere.org.uk/galleries/histories/jewish/origins/origins.htm

19th Century

By 1800 there were about 20-25,000 Jews living in Britain, mainly in London and the major seaports. By the middle of the 19th century that figure had risen to perhaps 35-40,000, as settled migrants had families and new arrivals continued to join them.

These early migrants moved to Britain primarily for economic reasons. They were seeking better lives and the chance to practice their religion freely. In the closing decades of the 19th century, the community increased to around 250,000, with a rapid influx of large numbers from Russia and Eastern Europe. What were these people's lives like before they left? Why did they leave, and in such large numbers?

Traditional Jewish Life in Eastern Europe

Jews had moved into Eastern Europe - from the Middle East, the Mediterranean areas and Western Europe - in mediaeval times. Most lived under Polish rule, maintaining their own strong religious customs. Between 1770 and 1795 the Kingdom of Poland underwent three partitions and, by the close of the 18th century, the majority of Jews found themselves living under Russian rule. Most lived in small towns and villages called shtetls where they worked on farms, as innkeepers, dealers in liquor, rent collectors or in a variety of other trades and occupations.


A number of immigrants from this period left their memoirs of life in the shtetl Woolf Kossoff was one such: his grandson interviewed him in 1984 and the record of the interview was subsequently deposited at the Jewish Museum in London.
 
Jewish Life in late-19th century Russia
 
In the 19th century, conditions for Jewish people in Russia worsened considerably. From the early years of the century they were confined to living in an area of western Russia between the Baltic and the Black Sea, known from the 1830s as the Pale of Settlement.


Faced with the hostility of the local population, the Jews formed virtually separate communities. Their religion was different, and usually strictly observed. Their first language was Yiddish, not Russian or Polish. Their children were barred from many schools, and they had little interaction with their Christian neighbours.

Restrictive Laws

Jews were also restricted to working in permitted occupations, and entry to the professions was severely limited. Until the mid-1850s, many Jewish boys were forcibly conscripted into the Russian army for 25 years' service, where they faced considerable brutality and a high chance of death. All Jews faced anti-Semitism, often officially sanctioned. Read about Symon Freeman, one man of many who escaped conscription by emigrating to England.

Jews were increasingly forced out of their villages and into towns, where they competed for a limited number of jobs and often lived in poor and overcrowded conditions. Those who were allowed to remain on the land usually had to scratch a living from tiny subsistence farms.

The restrictive laws were made even harsher by the May Laws passed in 1882, which forced Jews within the Pale of Settlement to live only in certain prescribed towns. Click here to read about the Conditions in Russia and other Countries for Russian Jews.

Most Jews were restricted to working as artisans or in trade. Many were tailors, or less commonly, metal workers, cobblers and carpenters. Some worked in the food trade, as butchers or bakers, preparing food in accordance with Jewish dietary laws. Sometimes the woman was the main breadwinner, allowing the husband time for religious studies. As more and more Jews were forced into towns, there was intense competition for jobs, and wages were forced down below the poverty line.

Emigration


Economic hardship was one reason why so many Europeans - for instance the Poles, Italians, and Irish - emigrated overseas in the late 19th century. For Jews, however, there was an added reason: persecution, which was rife in Russia and the other countries of Eastern Europe.

The persecution of Jews in Russia took on a renewed vigour after the assassination of Tsar Alexander II in 1881. One of those associated with the assassins was a young Jewish woman, and this was used as an excuse for a series of attacks on Jews throughout the 1880s. Read more about the violence inflicted on the Jews in Correspondence Respecting the Outrages on Jews in Russia, February 1882.

In 1903, a pogrom at Kishinev sparked off another wave of attacks, the worst being in Odessa in 1905 where 300 were killed and thousands wounded. Jews in Russia lived in fear of new restrictions, looting, and brutal attack. For many this was the spur to leave the country.

All over Eastern Europe the Jews were frequently scapegoats for the local population. In Romania persecution was especially widespread.

The mass exodus abroad that resulted from the combination of economic hardship and fear of persecution was made much easier by cheap travel. More than two million Jews left Eastern Europe between 1881 and 1914. While the great majority aimed to reach the United States, many thousands sought to make a new home in Britain, where they knew they would find kinsmen in an established Jewish community. The address of the Jews' Temporary Shelter in London - the first port of call for arriving immigrants in London - was bought and sold on by prospective migrants in Eastern Europe.

Other useful links:

http://www.timetravel-britain.com/articles/london/jewish.shtml

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_Jews_in_England

http://www.jewishmuseum.org.uk/Social%20history

http://www.jewishmuseum.org.uk/Social%20history

Hogan ancestors of Mary Taylor nee. Clayton

1911 Census - household transcription

Address: 22 Newspring Street Birmingham

HOGAN, John Head Married 49 years M 69 1842 Bootmaker Cork Ireland 

HOGAN, Mary Ann Wife Married F 68 1843 Birmingham

 
1901 census - household transcription

Address: 13, 1, Court House, Hospital Street, Birmingham

HOGAN, John Head Married M 58 1843 Boot & Shoe Finisher Ireland 

HOGAN, Mary A Wife Married F 56 1845 Birmingham 

HOGAN, Annie Daughter Single F 22 1879 Press Worker Brass Cutter Birmingham 

HOGAN, Thomas Son Single M 18 1883 Bicycle Fitter Birmingham

HOGAN, James Son Single M 14 1887 Spoon Stamper Birmingham 

HOGAN, Nellie Grand Daughter Single F 9 1892 Birmingham


1891 census - household transcription


Address: 7, 10 Court, Bromsgrove Street, Birmingham

HOGAN, John Head Married M 47 1844 Boot Finisher Ireland

HOGAN, Mary A Wife Married F 44 1847 Birmingham Worcestershire 

HOGAN, Patrick Son Single M 22 1869 Jute Floater Birmingham Worcestershire

HOGAN, Michael Son Single M 17 1874 Brass Polisher Birmingham Worcestershire 

HOGAN, Simon Son M 14 1877 Brass Polisher Birmingham Worcestershire 

HOGAN, Ann Daughter F 12 1879 Scholar Birmingham Worcestershire  

HOGAN, Thomas Son M 8 1883 Scholar Birmingham Warwickshire 

HOGAN, James Son M 4 1887 Birmingham Warwickshire

 
1881 census - household transcription



Address: 69, New Inkleys, Birmingham

HOGAN, John Head Married M 38 1843 Shoe Maker Ireland 

HOGAN, Mary A Wife Married F 34 1847 Birmm Warwickshire 

HOGAN, John Son Single M 18 1863 Shoe Rivetter Birmm Warwickshire

HOGAN, Patrick Son Single M 14 1867 Military Worker (Acct 8) Birmm Warwickshire

HOGAN, Charles Son Single M 12 1869 Scholar Birmm Warwickshire 

HOGAN, Michael Son Single M 10 1871 Scholar Birmm Warwickshire 

HOGAN, Simon Son Single M 4 1877 Scholar Birmm Warwickshire 

HOGAN, Annie Daughter Single F 2 1879 Birmm Warwickshire


1871 census - household transcription



Address: Howard's Place House Court, Birmingham

HOGAN, John Head M 28 1843 Ireland 


HOGAN, Mary A Wife F 25 1846 Warwickshire

HOGAN, John Son M 8 1863 Warwickshire

HOGAN, Patrick Son M 2 1869 Warwickshire

HOGAN, Charles Son M 0 1871 Warwickshire


The following record could be Mary A Hogan when she was a child - maiden name Hagan:

1861 census - household transcription



Address: 4, 5 Court, Old Inkleys, Birmingham

HAGAN, John Head Married M 53 1808 Bricklayer Ireland 

HAGAN, Bridget Wife Married F 53 1808 Ireland 

HAGAN, Mary A Daughter Unmarried F 16 1845 Birmingham Warwickshire 

HAGAN, Thomas Son Unmarried M 13 1848 Carter Birmingham Warwickshire

A message from Breda in Dublin re: Lawlor (O'Lalor) and Gorman (O'Gorman)

I was just back tracking though messages left on this website (there is a facility for guests to leave a message after each post but it is not autmatically visible so one has to search for them) and I found a message left by my mom's cousin Breda in August.

I must apologise Breda for not reading your message before today. Breda said:


Hi Pete, its Breda here from the old homestead of 92 Walsh Rd. Was talking to Jim Byrne from Cork a few weeks ago and he gave me your brummie site to find out information on the Lawlors and Cushions and I have certainly discovered a lot of information from you. My brother Vincent's son "Kieran O Gorman" who is starting his family tree asked me if I would have any information he could use, so now i am glad to say I can refer him to your site which is really the best I have seen. Wish I had you to track the Gorman side of my family, ha ha. Say hello to your mam and dad from me, hope they are keeping well, Breda (O Reilly)


19 August 2010 13:08

My reply to Breda's post today (2 months later - sorry Breda):

Breda!!!

So sorry I have not seen your post before today (in October). I was just back tracking. Wonderful to hear from you. Joan will be delighted. I will be in touch. Let me know if I can help on the Gorman side - I am never one to turn down a genealogical challenge!!

Love to everyone. I have warm memories of meeting you all in the early and late 90s and have some great video footage of Aunt Lily singing Danny Boy at the home out at Howth.

Love to you all

Pete

xxx

Find out more at this link:

http://brummiefamilytree.blogspot.com/2010/01/denis-lawlor-marries-kate-cushion_10.html

Friday, 22 October 2010

The family of Emily Wayne in the census

Emily A Wayne nee. Phillips was born in Kings Cross, London in 1876. Her daughter, also named Emily A Wayne, married my grandmother's brother, George Clayton. We know that the Phillips family were Jewish and, as was the common practice of Jewish families entering England in the 19th century, Phillips was probably an Anglicised surname taken by the family on arrivival. We do not know at the moment whether the Wayne family were also Jewish.

1911 census, former in-laws of Emily A Wayne at 173 Summer Lane Birmingham

WAYNE, Robert Head Married M 62 1849 House Enfield Middlesex 


WAYNE, Jane Francis Wife Married 42 years F 64 1847 Bristol Glouces
WAYNE, Rhoda Daughter Single F 42 1869 Shop Assistant Aston Warwickshire
WAYNE, Mariam Frances Daughter Single F 27 1884 Shop Assistant Aston Warwickshire
 
 
1911 census, Emily A Wayne, nee. Phillips has remarried Frederick Clayton - family living at 24 Colmore Terrace Great Hampton Row Birmingham

CLAYTON, Frederick Head Married M 37 1874 House Painter Birmingham C B


CLAYTON, Emily Annie Wife Married 5 years F 35 1876 London 

WAYNE, Emily Annie Stepdaughter F 10 1901 School London 

CLAYTON, Hilda Elizabeth Daughter F 4 1907 School Birmingham C B 

CLAYTON, Sylvia Priscilla Daughter F 2 1909 Birmingham C B 

CLAYTON, Miriam Daughter F 1 1910 Birmingham C B 

KERRIGAN, Thomas Boarder Married M 28 1883 Edging Tools Birmingham C B 

KERRIGAN, Ellen Boarder Married 10 years F 27 1884 Birmingham C B

KERRIGAN, James Boarder M 9 1902 School Birmingham C B

KERRIGAN, Thomas Patrick Boarder M 4 1907 Birmingham C B

KERRIGAN, Frederick Boarder M 1 1910 Birmingham C B 

TAYLER, Charles Henry Boarder M 48 1863 Iron Plater Worker Heredfordshire 

TAYLER, William Henry Boarder M 4 1907 Birmingham C B



1901 census, Emily Wayne at 27, 4, House Court, Summer Lane, Birmingham

Emily is listed in the 1901 census as the wife of the head of the household, even though her husband is not on this census record.

Emily's condition is described as married, she was 25 years old in 1901, her birth year was 1876. Her occupation was Printer Layer On.

Emily's daughter, Emily A Wayne, was also listed in this small household. She was just 6 months old (birth year 1901) and was born in Bow, London.

The third person listed in the household was Rhoda Wayne, described as Emily's sister-in-law. Rhoda was single, aged 32 (birth year 1869 - born in Birmingham) and her occupation was a Drapers Assistant.


1891 census - household transcription, Wayne family
Address: 15, Gladstone Street, Aston, Aston Manor

WAYNE, Robert Head Married M 43 1848 Machinist Enfield, Middlesex

WAYNE, Jane F Wife Married F 45 1846 Bristol Somersetshire

WAYNE, Robert Son Single M 22 1869 Machine Minder Birmingham Warwickshire

WAYNE, Rhoda Daughter Single F 22 1869 Birmingham Warwickshire

WAYNE, Edwin J Son Single M 20 1871 Screw Turner Birmingham Warwickshire

WAYNE, Arthur W Son Single M 19 1872 Machine Fitter Birmingham Warwickshire

WAYNE, Albert T Son Single M 15 1876 Turner Birmingham Warwickshire

WAYNE, Frederick W Son Single M 12 1879 Scholar Aston Warwickshire

WAYNE, Herbert Son Single M 10 1881 Scholar Aston Warwickshire

WAYNE, Edith E Daughter Single F 8 1883 Scholar Aston Warwickshire

WAYNE, Miriam F Daughter Single F 7 1884 Scholar Aston Warwickshire

WAYNE, Phillip B Son Single M 4 1887 Scholar Aston Warwickshire

HINDS, Hannah Niece Single F 18 1873 Domestic Servant Birmingham Warwickshire


Wayne family in the 1881 census

Address: 15, (Court 3), Gladstone St, Aston

WAYNE, Robert Head Widower M 33 1848 Tool Maker Enfield Warwickshire
WAYNE, Robert Son Single M 12 1869 School Bham Warwickshire

WAYNE, Rhoda Daughter Single F 12 1869 School Bham Warwickshire
WAYNE, Edwin J Son Single M 10 1871 School Bham Warwickshire 

WAYNE, Arthur W Son Single M 9 1872 School Bham Warwickshire

WAYNE, Albert T Son Single M 5 1876 School Bham Warwickshire

WAYNE, Frederick W Son Single M 2 1879 School Aston Warwickshire

WAYNE, James H Son Single M 0 1881 Aston Warwickshire
 
A mystery arises from the above census record in that Robert Wayne is listed as a widower and yet his wife Jane reappears in the 1891, 1901 and 1911 census. Would be interesting to find out the explanaition for this one. She clearly made a miraculous recovery!   
 
1871 census - Wayne family at Address: New Summer Street House Court, Birmingham
 
WAYNE, Robert Head M 23 1848 Middlesex 


WAYNE, Jane F Wife F 26 1845 Gloucestershire 

WAYNE, Rhoda Daughter F 2 1869 Warwickshire 

WAYNE, Robert Son M 2 1869 Warwickshire 

WAYNE, Edwin J Son M 0 1871 Warwickshire

Thursday, 21 October 2010

An email from Mary Taylor - a relation with both a Clayton and a Millington connection!

As if I needed further encouragement for publishing my family history research online, I was recently contacted via email by a relative with whom I have never spoken before, who is sharing some intriguing new information with us. 

Mary Emily Taylor contacted me via email, her father George Clayton was the first cousin of my father Geoffrey Millington. George Clayton's father, also George Clayton, was my grandmother's brother (my grandmother being Florence Millington, nee. Clayton). But according to Mary's email, her family tree has an additional connection to the Millingtons a generation or so before Florence Clayton married William Millington. Not only this, but Mary also refers to the surnames Hagan and Hogan in her Clayton ancestry - names which have appeared in my family history research.

Mary has given me permission to publish exracts of her recent emails on the website and I have included my own response between the two emails: 

Email 1

My name is Mary Emily Taylor nee Clayton, my father and your father were cousins.

My parents were George and Irene Clayton, nee Hogan. My grandparents were George Clayton and Emily nee. Wayne, my great grandparents were William and Mary Clayton.

I can remember your grandmother (my great aunt Floss) visiting me every birthday, I can also remember visiting my great grandmother who I knew as Grandma Polly in Quinton. I was about 5 then.

I believe I have found a connection between mom's family and your own, my grandmother Frances had a cousin May Elizabeth Millington nee. Johnson. She was born in 1887 and she was a paper maker, she married Howard Emmanuel Millington born in June 1879. He sadly died in September 1907.

I also hope there is a connection with mom's grandmother Mary Hogan nee. Hagan.

If indeed this Howard Emmanuel Millington is your relation I have found him aged 12 living in Warstone lane.

Thank you for all your hard work concerning My Clayton Family History it has been a joy to read.

Mary

My reply

Having read Mary's initial email with great interest, I firstly looked back through my own research to see if I could find a match for Howard Emmanuel Millington. The name definately rang a bell as one I have come across during my research, but it may not necessarily have been a direct ancestor.

However, sure enough Howard Emmanuel Millington was related to our branch of the Millington family. This is my reply to Mary:

Hi Mary

I have had a chance to look back through my research and found a Howard Emmanuel Millington, born 1879 who was a son of Alfred Emmanuel Millington.

Alfred in turn was the 2nd child of James Millington, the younger brother of my g-g-g-grandfather William Millington. Both James and William Millington were boot makers who lived in Cregoe Street, Lee Bank, moving to Birmingham from Wellington in Shropshire in the early 1800s.

More about Howard and his family at this link:

http://brummiefamilytree.blogspot.com/2010/01/other-children-of-andrew-and-elizabeth.html

So that's a definite 'second' link between us Mary!

In reference to the Hogan / Hagan connection. Both names are of interest to me. A branch of my dad's family were O'Hagans, who lived in Lee Bank. My g-g-grandmother, Alice O'Hagan married John Millington in the 1870s. In the census records I have also found the O'Hagan family named Hagan (without the 'O' prefix). Neither Hagan or O'Hagan are common names in Birmingham - so there is quite a strong case that families of this surname in Birmingham in the late 19th / early 20th century were related. Having said this I found records of a large O'Hagan family in the Aston area who I can't connect. My O'Hagans originated from Newry in Ulster. So I would be interested in more information if you have it.

More about the O'Hagans at this link:

http://brummiefamilytree.blogspot.com/2010/01/story-of-mary-ohagan.html

I had not come across the surname Hogan until quite recently when I was contacted by a gentleman named Jamie Evans whose great grandmother Mary Hogan was possibly related to our great grandmother, Mary Clayton, nee. Finn (Grandma Polly in your email). Jamie's research has helped me to uncover a lot of information about a family of Finn sisters (off the top of my head they were cousins or second cousins of Mary Helen Finn (Grandma Polly) who all went to live in Cleveland, Ohio in the early 1900s. Their married names including Robinson, Rachford and McKiernan - one remained unmarried so kept her maiden name Finn. Jamie's grandmother, Martha Lilly Walton, attempted to take her own 3 daughters to America in the early 1920s but her attempt was foiled by her mother-in-law who actually boarded the ship with a last minute court order to remove the said grand daughters. The mother-in-law's maiden name was Mary Hogan and Jamie said she lived close to the Finns in Newtwon.

It's a fascinating story and Jamie has done an incredible amount of research, much of it just in the past 6 or 7 months, but he is still unsure as to how his grandmother, Martha Walton was exactly related to the Finns, except for the fact that her and her husband lived next door for many decades in Newtown to a man named John Finn (and his wife Catherine) who was, we believe, the brother of the 4 sisters who went to America.

The plot thickens! So if you have any information about the Hogans, this would be very interesting to read.

There are various posts on my website about Jamie's research, here are a couple of links:

http://brummiefamilytree.blogspot.com/2010/04/monuments-in-st-jospehs-churchyard.html

http://brummiefamilytree.blogspot.com/2010/03/ship-ahoy-back-and-forth-across-pond.html

http://brummiefamilytree.blogspot.com/2010/04/updates-on-finn-research.html


Mary's 2nd Email:

Hello Pete,

Thankyou for your reply. I have read the information and once again I am intrigued, isn't it all wonderful?

I have a little more information on my grandmother Emily Clayton, nee. Wayne in the 1901 census in St Stephen, B'ham:

Emily A Wayne, 6 months - born 1900 in Bow. Her mother Emily Wayne nee Phillips age 25 born 1876 Kings Cross London.

Sister-in -law Rhoda Wayne, 32 born 1869 B'ham.

This is the interesting part for me as Nanny Clayton's father died when she was very young and even uncle Bill, dads brother asked if I had any information about him and I found him in the 1871 census aged 2 with his twin sister Rhoda living in New Summer St, then Gladstone Street, Aston

In 1891 aged 22, he was not mentioned living with Nanny Clayton and his wife, my great grandmother who I knew as May. Perhaps he was in hospital as it states wife not widow. I wonder if her husband was also Jewish or was it just her side of the family?

It is all very fascinating. I would love to know her family's original name. I have Mary Hogan nee. Hagan living in Hospital Street in 1901 aged 56, born in Birmingham. James Hagan, 14, born in 1887, a spoon stamper, Nellie Hagan aged 9 born in 1892 in Birmingham, granddaughter.

Mary

Thank you 

Thanks so much for your emails Mary, there are some fascinating leads here for further research and it's great to be able to publish it online in case others can help us to fill in any of the gaps. I am intrigued by the occurence of the Hagan and Hogan names as both of these Irish surnames were rare in 19th century Birmingham. I had previously thought of the O'Hagans as being a quite seperate branch of my ancestors living a few miles from Ladywood in the Lee Bank area. So the possibility of them having connections with the Claytons and the Finn/Flynn dynasty of Newtown, Aston, Hockley and eventually Ladywood, is very interesting.

Watch this space as they say!

Monday, 18 October 2010

When the Villa won the cup


I had an unexpected present earlier this year when I took my mom and dad to visit their sister-in-law Iris. Aunty Iris is the widow of my dad's older brother Bill who died a few years ago. Bill was a lifelong Villa season ticket holder and when I was a lad in the 1960s and 70s he used to take me to Villa Park on a regular basis in the days of Chico Hamilton, Charlie Aitken, Willie Anderson and Bruce Rioch. I remember watching Villa get promotion back from the 3rd Division and a Villa youth team including Brian Little win the FA Youth Cup. In those days a nipper like me could be lifted over the turnstyles and I'd sit on Bill's knee in the seats to watch the game!

But this historical Villa programme goes back a few more years before I was even born, to 1957 when the Villa beat the famous 'Busby Babes' Manchester United side 2-1 in the FA Cup final at Wembley. Uncle Bill had apparently won his cup final ticket in a poety competition. Iris tried to recall a few lines from memory and has promised me she'll try to find the whole poem which is in a box or cupboard somewhere.

The programme is a great piece of football history. Costing one shilling at the time, it clearly leans towards the Manchester United side which is described as the season's "Team of the Century". A journalist named Albert Sewell suggests that the Babes can be the youngest cup winners, having become the youngest League Champions the previous season. Having said this, Sewell goes on to warn caution to Manchester United, citing Busby:

"So long as they remember that the medals have still to be earned, that Villa are not here simply to make up the number, Manchester United should justify their position as firm favourites. Manager Busby will have warned his young men against the risks of being Cup Final favourites and the dangers of over confidence. He was right half in the Manchester City side rated certain to beat Everton here in 1933. Instead they lost 3-0. He remembers how the eager young Wolves were shattered 4-1 in 1939 by a Portsmouth team who were given no time outside Hampshire. Last year it was Birmingham's turn as the favourites who failed at Wembley. The ball is at your feet, United. A year ago you were the youngest League Champions. Now you can add the "Youngest Cup winners" title, too!"
 



In a supposedly impartial Cup Final programme, it is interesting to note the beginnings of the Manchester United supporter arrogance which has only increased over the past 52 years!

Whilst not exactly calling it a 'right of reply' as such, later on in the programme there is an editorial from another journalist named Rod Davies, who does at least lay out Villa's own glorious history going back to the days of Scotsman George Ramsay when Villa first won the FA Cup against West Brom in 1887 at Kennington Oval. In fairness to the Baggies, Davies also recalls how the Albion took revenge by beating Villa in the Cup Final in 1892.

"Then began a golden era" says Davies "in which they were five times League champions and twice winners of the Cup in seven seasons. When they won the Cup in 1895, they lost it - literally. Someone stole it from a Birmingham shop window. In 1897 they equalled Preston North End's 1889 feat of winning Cup and League. It was a wonderful period in the club's history, marked in 1897 by the opening of Villa Park, still one of the greatest grounds in the country".

Davies goes on to remind readers that if Villa were to win the Cup today against United, they would set a new record of winning it seven times.

"Today they are represented by a team of eleven players who are sound footballers, good club men and battlers to the last ditch - very proud of their record of coming from behind with the odds against them!"

If you examine the scanned copy of Uncle Bill's programme above, you may note that he was good enough to scribble in the final score next to the teams on the front cover with his fountain pen. And yes, Villa did of course go on to win the match 2-1 and just for all United fans all over Britain from Brighton right up as far north as Watford, here's a picture of the victorious underdogs.


Sunday, 17 October 2010

Taking the Adderley family back to the early 1700s

I have said it before on this website, membership of Genes Reunited has very genuine benefits - especially when it comes to your attention that a fellow researcher has added common ancestors to their tree. I made contact with a gentleman named David Hudson several years ago, indeed before Genes Reunited was conceived of and in the dim and distant days when we family tree researchers were more likely to be found sitting in front of microfiche machines at the top of the library than surfing the internet in the comfort of our own homes. I seem to remember that David and I may even have corresponded via the Royal Mail when we initially exchanged information.

David is a descendant of Sarah Adderley who was the oldest sister of my paternal grandfather's mother (my great grandmother) Phoebe Adderley. The Adderley family lived in the Lee Bank area of Birmingham in the 19th century. Sarah and Phoebe had several brothers and sisters and their parents were Alfred Adderley and Emily nee. Carpenter.

http://brummiefamilytree.blogspot.com/2010/01/terence-millington-marries-phoebe.html

A few months ago I posted about the Carpenter family tree and Emily's ancestors from the Stratford-upon-Avon area of Warwickshire.

http://brummiefamilytree.blogspot.com/2010/03/carpenter-family-in-census-records.html

On the Adderley side I could go back one further generation to Alfred's parents William Adderley and Caroline, nee. Partridge. However, it seems that David Hudson has taken this line back 2 further generations and it seems we have yet more Shropshire ancestors to add to the Millingtons and the Claytons, as follows:

Richard Adderley was born in Newport, Shropshire in about 1737 and he married Sarah Williams.
His spouse Sarah was also born in Newport, in about 1745 and died in about 1820.

According to David's family tree on Genes Reunited, Richard and Sarah Adderley had two sons:

The oldest was named Thomas Adderley. He was born in about 1775 in Newport, Shropshire and married Mary Wheat.

One of these sons was William Adderley born in about 1785. The place of his baptism was St Martins in Birmingham. There is an exact date for his birth which is 10th September 1832. William married twice, his first wife was Amela Davis and his second wife was Sarah Edge.

Amela Davis was born in Newport, Shropshire in about 1788 and died in 1851.
Sarah Edge was born in Warwickshire in about 1792.

It appears from David's tree that William Adderley had four children with his second wife Sarah Edge:

Caroline Adderley born about 1819.
Elizabeth Adderley born about 1822. Married William Burnett in Birmingham in September 1847.
William Adderley born about 1825 in Birmingham. Married Caroline Partridge.
Henry Adderley born about 1831.

The third of these children, William Adderley, was my g-g-g-grandfather, father of Alfred and grandfather of my g-grandmother Pheobe Adderley who married Terence Millington.

Saturday, 2 October 2010

In memory of Mary Morrisey, nee: Whelan

I wish to convey the condolences of the whole family to the daughters, sons-in-law and grand children of Mary Morrisey who was my mother's cousin in Dublin, on her death this week at the age of 80. Mary was the daughter of my grand mother's sister Catherine (or Kitty) Whelan.

Mary's death is particularly poignant because I have only recently been contacted by her daughter Colette who came across this website, read about the Whelan family and made contact not only with myself via email but also with members of the extended Whelan family in Dublin. Colette and Gaye Mulholland (a cousin of my mother and of Mary Morrisey and someone who has sent us several contributions of information and photographs for this website) recently met up in Dublin for the first time in their lives - which perhaps goes to show the powerful consequences of publishing genealogical research online. Anyone who has watched the BBC television series Who Do You Think You Are? will no doubt share my sense of wonder at how links can be reformed through family history research, even with the passing of generations, events, relationships and ultimately time, and I think this story is as a good example of that.

Colette is married to John Gallagher and they have 2 children. Colette also has 3 sisters:

Therese in Australia, Anne in Australia and Clare in Ireland.

As mentioned above, Mary was Kitty Whelan's daughter, but being born to a young single mum in 1930 in Ireland, Kitty's mother Anne (my great granny Whelan) insisted that Mary grew up outside of the family. Whilst family ties existed, it is fair to say that Mary's life was in isolation from her extended family network, though as Colette said to me recently, none of us can turn back time and attitudes towards single parenthood would be different these days.

However, Mary's death seems particuarly poignant coming so soon after Colette has made contact with the wider family that Mary was denied throughout her 80 years, though particularly as a child growing up in 1930s Dublin. It is less than a month since Colette emailed me.

I would therefore wish not only to convey the deep sense of sadness which I am certain exists on both sides of the Irish sea to learn of Mary's passing but to rightfully embrace and record Mary and her children and grand children into this extended family history.

God bless Mary Morrisey, nee. Whelan.

The picture above is called The Ascension of Mary