Saturday, 2 November 2013

Some reasons why our West Midland ancestors left the land and headed for the city in the mid 1800s

Peasant farmers bought out by bigger landowners or forced to give up by rent rises
 
Enclosure Acts led to the decline of open strip farming on common and heath land
 
Small village farmers having to become day labourers with a reduction in income
 
Introduction of agricultural machinery such as threshing machines replaced the need for human labour on the land
 
Winter starvation became common across the UK and Ireland
 
Railway and canal construction offered new labouring opportunities, initially in the countryside
 
A demand for new trades such as bricklaying learnt in the navvy environment came from the expanding cities such as Birmingham

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